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Molykreion  Poseidon  320  BC

A. K. Orlandos, ArchDelt 9 (1924-25 [1927]) 55-64

Thuc. 2.84.4

Strab. 9.4.8, 10.2.4

Paus. 9.31.6

Knell, Heiner,  "Der Artemistempel in Kalydon und der Poseidontempel in Molykreion: Eine Untersuchung Vergleichende" Archäologischer Anzeiger 88(1973:448-461)

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

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The temple to Poseidon is set on a north-west to south-east axis with an overall dimension of the krepidoma, which is mosty intact, measures 14.37 m x 31.45 m, and had three steps to a stylobate that measures 30.32 x 12.91. The temple has an opisthodomos equal to the pronaos and with an inner colonnade along the walls of the cella. A double block system was used in the stylobate so that each column rests on the center of every second block, rather than on the joint. From the superstructure were found only a half column drum and a corner triglyph. The absence of architectural finds suggests the temple was never completed because of its large size and lack of funding, although a half column drum and a corner triglyph have been recovered and believed to be from the superstructure. The temple compares similarly to the temple of Artemis in Calydon and is attributed to the same architect or ‘group’ of builders. The temple is sourounded by a continuous wall constructed of corsely fitted irregular blocks of massive size. Currently, systematic excavations are run by the School of Archaeology of the University of Thessaloniki.

The name of the temple location varies. Since the temple lies midway between the modern towns of Velvina and Haghios Georgios, some sorces refer to the temple as Velvina Poseidon, but that is for convenience since the ancient name for the location was Molykreia. Others contend the Molykreon name refers to, not only the temple and the ridge it is on, but the whole area including the ancient city and harbor. Acording to The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, some sorces use the Molykreian epithet to broadly apply it to the area of Achaian Rhion or Aitolian Rhion which is nearby.

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