According to Herodotus [(484-425 BC), “Historiae”, VIII, 47] Kroton was founded by settlers from Achaia between 709 and 708 BC, and was the city that welcomed Pythagoras (570-495 BC) around 530 BC. Pythagoras went on to found the school of the Pythagoreans, a school that became famous for its mathematicians and architects.
There is scarcely any information concerning the ancient city since there are no ruins of it remaining. Many fragments of masonry and ancient edifices are said to have been in existence till about the middle of eighteenth century when they were employed in the construction of a the port's breakwater. During its hayday, the city's extent was 12 miles in circumference.
The ruins of the Doric temple amount to one solitary column which closely resembles those of Kardaki at Corfu. A second column was standing till near the middle of the last century along with the remains of the wall which formed the peribolus of the temple, but those were quarried for use in other construction and carried off. The temple once stood on a projecting rock and commandied a view in all directions, forming a landmark for voyagers. The single column that forms its solitary remnant, still serves the same purpose today.
In its day, the temple likely had a 6 x 12 floorplan with a stylobate that measured 37m long and 13.5m wide, although that measurement looks to be from the steriobate rather that the actual stylobate.