E. Paribeni, Catologo delle sculture di Cirene (1959)
G. Goodchild, Cyrene and Apollonia. An Historical Guide (1963)
R. G. Goodchild, Kyrene und Apollonia (1970)
Temple of Zeus dating from the 6th century BC. located on the Libia coast facing the Mediterranean. Herodotos (4.150f) tells us that Delphi directed Thera to send a small band of settlers under the leadership of Battos to found a city in Libya. A colony of the Greeks from Thera then went to Cyrene in c. 631 B.C., which afterward, became one of the principal cities in the Hellenic world. It was Romanized and remained a great capital until the 4th century A.D.
The massive Temple of Zeus, which was erected late in the 6th c BC. is located inside the walls of the NE corner of the city. Its octostyle peripteral colonnade and interior were extensively repaired during the reign either of Augustus or of Tiberius. The temple was destroyed several times, its colonnade overturned during the Jewish rebellion against Rome in 120 A.D.; wrecked by an earthquake in 365, and then desecrated by Christian zealots during the time of the Roman emporor Theodosius. During the ensuing hundred years, its cella and porches were put back into use.
In 1957, Italian archeologists restored the temple to the present condition. All reconstruction work ceased in 1974. It's now a Unesco World Heritage site.